THE BRITISH LIBRARY

Medieval manuscripts blog

23 August 2016

Which Star Sign Are You?

Are you one of those people who reads their star charts religiously? Does it matter whether you were born a Taurus or under the sign of Aries? Do Leos rub you up the wrong way or Capricorns get your goat?

If you've answered yes to any of these questions, it might warm your heart to realise that astrology was taken very seriously in the Middle Ages. Take, for example, the Psalter of Lambert le Bègue (Add MS 21114), which contains this cycle of calendar pages, each adorned with its own zodiac sign. For January we have an image of a hooded man drinking from a bowl, below which is the sign of Aquarius; February is represented by a man lopping branches from a tree, with the sign of Pisces; while December depicts a man about to slaughter a bull, supported by the sign of Capricorn. Lambert (died around 1177) had founded the Béguine monastery of St Christophe in Liège, and his portrait is found on f. 7v of this Psalter, made sometime between 1255 and 1265.

Whoever illustrated this calendar clearly wished to supply the star signs for their readers, supplemented by drawings of typical activities for each month of the year, from hawking (May) to harvesting (August) and making wine (October). The vaguely optimistic bull on the calendar page for December is contrasted with the indignant boar for November and the proud hawk for May. Meanwhile, the star signs all resemble their modern forms, with that for Sagittarius firing its arrow into the distance off the right-hand edge of the page. So, which star sign are you?

Jan

January (Aquarius): Add MS 21114, f. 1r

 

Feb

February (Pisces): Add MS 21114, f. 1v

 

Mar

March (Aries): Add MS 21114, f. 2r

 

Apr

April (Taurus): Add MS 21114, f. 2v

 

May

May (Gemini): Add MS 21114, f. 3r

 

June

June (Cancer): Add MS 21114, f. 3v

 

July

July (Leo): Add MS 21114, f. 4r

 

Aug

August (Virgo): Add MS 21114, f. 4v

 

Sept

September (Libra): Add MS 21114, f. 5r

 

Oct

October (Scorpio): Add MS 21114, f. 5v

 

Nov

November (Sagittarius): Add MS 21114, f. 6r

 

Dec

December (Capricorn): Add MS 21114, f. 6v

You can find our more about calendar pages in our monthly post taken this year from the magnificent Bedford Hours.

@BLMedieval