In 1920 the Serbian Legation in London donated 250 small size unbound fascicles of Serbian literature to the British Museum Library. This donation was a welcome addition to the Library Serbian collections, which then consisted hardly of a few hundreds Serbian literary works.
These issues were part of a collection of Serbian literature published in PanÄevo, a small town in the then Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, from 1871 to 1912. The works were published by the Brothers JovanoviÄ, Kamenko (1843-1916) and Pavle (1847-1914), printers and booksellers from PanÄevo. In 1870 the Brothers JovanoviÄ established a Serbian printing-press, and in 1872 a bookshop in their hometown. Their aim was to publish and sell Serbian school textbooks and literature, the long awaited educational and cultural needs of the Serbian people in Austro-Hungary.
The Brothers JovanoviÄās bookshop was the first major Serbian publishing bookshop in the Monarchy, and with the bookshops funded earlier in Belgrade, in the neighbouring Princedom of Serbia, were the first to establish modern Serbian publishing and book trade.
Between 1871 and 1912 the Brothers JovanoviÄ published about 400 Serbian titles of which about 100 were school textbooks.
The collection of works donated to the Library had been published in the series called: āThe Brothers JovanoviÄ National Libraryā from 1880 to 1890.
Front cover of a volume in the series. The Brothers JovanoviÄ National Library. Jovan RajiÄ, Battle of Dragon and Eagles. (PanÄevo, 1884). British Library 012265.e.5/44.
Above is the layout of the cover of the Brothers JovanoviÄ National Library series: their bookshop was shown here as a cultural edifice built on the pantheon of Serbian and world literature presented and promoted in this series. Front of their national library are the Corinthian columns adorned in ribbons bearing the names of the greats of Serbian and world literature (the text in Cyrillic on the left column reads: Dositej, Kraszewski, Hugo, the right column bear the names of: NjegoÅ”, Gogol and Goethe. The name of the series is inscribed across the arc which sits on the columns. In the left-hand corner is a roundel portrait of Dositej ObradoviÄ (1739-1811), a Serbian philosopher and writer, and in the right-hand corner is a roundel portrait of Prince Bishop of Montenegro Petar II PetroviÄ NjegoÅ” (1813-51).
The Brothers JovanoviÄ published literature in affordable paper-back issues in small octavo format, printed in a small font. The majority of works in the series were made up of separately published issues. These were published in non-consecutive instalments usually over a several-month period. Up to 24 issues were produced per year and in total the series comprises 216 such issues published from 1880 to 1890.
The set of 250 issues donated to the Library also includes issues published by the Brothers JovanoviÄās bookshop from 1871 to 1912, which were subsequently added to the Brothers JovanoviÄ National Library series (they are numbered in the series from 217 to 348), when the bookshop was sold to the new owners in 1913. This set of 250 issues is incomplete as 11 issues are missing.
The Libraryās set was bound in 124 volumes placed at shelfmarks 012265.e.5/1-149 and a number of works are bound together. It is the only single set held in a British public collection, and one of the most complete in Britain and Serbia. The Libraryās set holds 158 separate works. The whole collection is described in 168 catalogue records.
This collection has a historical significance for the British Library as the donation notably boosted its existing collections of Serbian literature. Today this collection is relevant for the study and research into the development of modern Serbian literacy, language and literature. It is a very useful survey of primary sources for the development of Serbian literature.
Frontispiece and title page with the authorās portrait and his autograph. Branko RadiÄeviÄ, Poems. (PanÄevo, 1880). British Library 012265.e.5/95.
The collection contains works of the major Serbian writers of the Enlightment, Classicism and Romanticism who, in their lexical and stylistic innovation, contributed greatly to the development and promotion of modern Serbian literary language. This new literary form was based on the principles of Vuk StefanoviÄ KaradÅ¾iÄās language reform.
ÄorÄe PopoviÄ-DaniÄar, editor of the Brothers JovanoviÄ National Library series, saw that the modern writers of all periods and those who wrote in Russo-Slavonic and in Slavonic-Serbian were represented in the series thus showing the continuity in Serbian literature. He contributed greatly to the series by writing introductory texts, compiling works of lesser known writers, translating and transliterating from Russo-Slavonic and in Slavonic-Serbian into the contemporary Serbian language and the new orthography, and by translating from a number of major European languages. PopoviÄ-DaniÄar was remembered as the first translator of Don Quijote from Spanish into Serbian.
The presentation of Serbian national poetry is another strong feature of this collection.
Frontispiece. From Battle of Kosovo. (PanÄevo, 1880 [reissued in the series 1913]). British Library 012265.e.5/121.
A great prominence of Serbian national poetry in the series pointed not only to the significance and influence of spoken national language for the creation of the new literary language, but it also reflected the contemporary national and political aspirations and struggles in the Balkans and the rest of Europe of that period, leading up to the First World War.
The fact that in this series the Brothers JovanoviÄ ventured to showcase Serbian literature, together with other works of world literature in Serbian translation, was surely a sign of confidence and trust they had for the future of the Serbian literature and its readers.
Milan Grba, Lead Curator South-East European Collections
Å½arko VojnoviÄ, Iz Sparte svetlost, to jest, Å½ivot i podvizi Kamenka i Pavla braÄe JovanoviÄa: ujedno i bibliografija izdanja. (PanÄevo, 2010). YF.2014.a.12874