THE BRITISH LIBRARY

Maps and views blog

2 posts from May 2013

29 May 2013

Inspired by ..... MAPS!

What fun we had at last week’s ‘Inspired by Maps’ event. At least, some of us had fun, as you can here see from these photographs all expertly (and creatively) captured.

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Detail of Betts' patent Portable Globe, 1860 [British Library, Maps C.3.bb.6.] Image ©Luca Sage

The purpose of this little event, excellently organised by Fran Taylor and our Creative Industries team, was to demonstrate the creative potential of the national map collection here at the British Library. As inspiration? Yes. As source material? Indeed, but also as objects which have themselves been inspired by the world, and a desire to capture an essence of it.

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Detail of 'A balloon view of London as seen from the north,' 1851 [British Library, Maps 3815.(18.)]. Image ©Luca Sage

For example, the soaring panoramic view, from the 2nd to the 19th centuries an imaginative vision of what cities would probably look like from up there, was replaced by the first views taken from actual sightings from balloons (this one 1860), which were accompanied a few decades later by the first aerial photographs taken from a balloon by Cecil Shadbolt (1884, British Library, Maps C.44.d.49-51], and still later, technically astute landscape photography by artists such as Michael Collins. Both inpired by, and inspirational, and the British Library has them all.

Inspiration was surely possessed by the publisher Gordon Cheers when he made it his life’s work to produce the ‘Earth Platinum Atlas,’ the biggest atlas in the world (proof pages shown at our event last week), and although a living wage motivated  the Thames school chart-maker John Burston to compile his  1666 Mediterranean sea chart, he was inspired to make it tasteful, elegant and practical, mounting it on wooden panels.

The juxtaposition of the two below, is (he says with unabashed pride) just a little creative.

Blog-e©Luca Sage

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John Burston, [Portolan chart of the Mediterranean Sea, 1666, British Library Maps C.21.e.21]. Image ©Luca Sage

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John Bennett, 'A new and correct plan of London...,' 1760 [British Library, Maps 188.v.35.]. Image ©Luca Sage

Creatively, there really isn’t any limit to what maps can be used for, not just as images, pictures, things which can be replicated on screens, but as physical objects. It is impossible to convey the entire (and exclusive) point of the 'Earth Platinum Atlas' – its size - on a computer screen, just as it is impossible to appreciate and explore the physicality, textural, even fragile state of things like Betts' Patent portable globe or the fan map of London from 1760 (which includes hansom cab rates, naturally).

There are all manner of ingenious objects and ideas within the map collection, only 20 of which were on show last week, but at least a few million remaining to be seen, with a reading room space in St Pancras in which to view them.

10 May 2013

Ordnance Surveyors’ Drawings opened for reuse

The Library’s unique collection of Ordnance Surveyors’ Drawings is now available under new terms, making the maps freely accessible and usable in digital tools.

The Ordnance Surveyors’ Drawings (OSDs), compiled between 1789 and c.1840, represent the first continuous topographic mapping of England and Wales and are the most detailed record of the landscape preceding full-scale industrialisation in the mid-19th century. These original manuscript maps, drawn primarily at scales of ca. 1:21,120 and 1:31,680, with coastal areas of military significance at ca. 1:10,560, depict the whole of Wales and England south of an east-west Preston-Hull line.

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Detail of OSD 267(pt.2). Ordnance Surveyors’ Drawings. Boyce, draughtsman. 1814

Though these ink-on-paper drawings formed the cartographic basis for the first published Ordnance Survey one-inch mapping, they contain topographic details not captured in the smaller-scale, printed series. The detail above of the 1814 OSD 267(pt.2) was drawn at a scale of two-inches-to-the-mile and indicates field boundaries, land cover, water courses, relief, roads and footpaths, and built features, including the presence of stone walls, drawn here in red.

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Detail of Sheet 64. Ordnance Survey,  Old series,  First ed.  1:63,360. 1824

In contrast, the published sheet above in the First Ed (Old Series), printed in 1824 and based on the OSD, was by necessity generalised, due to the smaller scale (one-inch-to-the-mile) and limitation to black-and-white. 

The OSDs were georeferenced in 2012, and partly as a result of the immense success of that public crowdsourcing effort – BL Georeferencer - scanned images of the maps have been “opened up” for reuse under an Open Government Licence. A small sample of four OSD images have been posted to Wikimedia Commons here. The remaining 400 or so will follow; if you wish to be notified when it is complete, contact georeferencer@bl.uk

Another exciting development with these maps is their inclusion in British Library Labs, a new project supporting research and development with BL digital data that offers direct curatorial and financial support, including an expenses-paid residency at the British Library. We are hoping that researchers and developers with an interest in cartographic history and geospatial data will participate, and we'll see these maps put to new and dynamic uses online!