THE BRITISH LIBRARY

Maps and views blog

2 posts from June 2014

23 June 2014

From the largest to the smallest

Sarah Noble, an intern in the British Library's conservation department, was recently given the unusual  task of preparing the world's smallest atlas for display. Here she explains how she did it.

Since 1828 The British Library has been the home to one of the world’s largest atlases, the Klencke Atlas, until 2012 the largest atlas in the world. This large and ornate atlas can normally be found on display in the entrance lobby to the Maps reading room at The British Library.

Klencke1

Recently the Klencke Atlas went on loan and will be not be back until autumn 2014. So in its place it was decided to temporarily display ‘The Atlas of the British Empire’, the world’s smallest Atlas.

QueenMaryDolls HouseAtlas

The Atlas of the British Empire, published by E. Stanford Ltd is 5 x 4 cm and a replica of the original made for the library of Queen Mary’s Dolls' House, a toy model one and a half meters high, given as a gift from the British people to the Queen in 1926.


The atlas contains maps of the world, the British Isles, Canada, India, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, West Africa, East Africa, Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, the West Indies and the Pacific Islands. British possessions are shown coloured red, with islands and ports under British Control underlined. The tiny maps contain even their comparative inset maps of Great Britain to the same scale.

When the decision was made to put the tiny atlas on display the idea was to use the same space as the largest atlas as a way to best emphasise the difference in scale between these two bound volumes. To achieve this ‘The Atlas of the British Empire’ was sent to the British Library Conservation Centre so that a suitable mount could be designed.

Inspection revealed a trio of issues that would have to be considered before the object went on display.  First of all, many of the pages of the atlas had over time become loose. Secondly, the item is a 3-dimensional object so a mount had to be designed that would enhance its form. And finally a form of attachment had to be designed that would allow the atlas to be displayed flat against the back wall of the display case whilst ensuring that the object would remain secure and stable during the entire display time.

I made sure that all of the pages were in their correct order and aligned neatly and safely within its full leather binding, making sure that none of the loose pages were extending beyond the edges of the binding. Then the style of mount was decided upon. A window mount with large margins and a deep set aperture was chosen. This was designed especially to accentuate the small scale of the bound volume and the depth of the item. 
Aklencke3
 
The last task was to design a fixing method that would secure the atlas to the mount board, whilst keeping the loose pages in place and not obscuring any part of the tiny atlas from view. So a very thin strip of polyester was placed along the length of the open side and attached at the rear of the mount board. This attachment was chosen as the ideal method as it allowed the item to remain securely fixed in place whilst the transparent nature of the material removed any problems around obscuring the item.

The Atlas of the British Empire can be found on display in the entrance lobby to the Maps reading room at The British Library until autumn 2014.

Sarah Noble

17 June 2014

Off the Map Gothic

 
We all know that vampires don’t exist and that there are no malevolent beings of Carpathian origin walking the streets of London, Nottingham or Whitby. Don't we. One of the really powerful aspects of Bram Stoker’s 1897 novel ‘Dracula’ is how it creates the impression of authenticity, partially through how it is told (through diaries and news reports), partially through the novel’s setting in authentically real places.

KARTE_~1
This is one of the maps that Jonathan Harker might have looked at prior to his fateful carriage ride into to the Carpathian Mountains. Strassen-Karte des Grossfürstenthums Siebenbürgen. Vienna, 1856. Maps 28238.(3.) Untitled

The second year of the British Library's ‘Off the Map’ competition is now well underway. In conjunction with gaming festival Gamecity and publisher Crytek, the student competition to create virtual gaming environments out of British Library collection items ties in with the major exhibition 'Terror and Wonder: the Gothic Imagination' which will open in October 2014.


One of the three ‘places’ we selected for student teams to work their magic on was the sleepy town of Whitby. I say sleepy, but of course this is where Dracula, in the form of a giant beast-dog thing washed ashore in England, thereafter making quite a nuisance of himself.


Despite its sleepiness, Whitby is a notable presence in maps and views. Early sea charts show the town quite prominently, and from late 18th and early 19th century prints, like this one by Francis Jukes, provide a powerful and romantic impression of the landscape which ties in with an increase in tourism to such places at that time. The other visual assets we have provided can be viewed here.

View_of_the_coast_by_Whitby,_Francis_Jukes,_1804_(Maps_K__Top__44_53_g)
A view of Whitby on the Yorkshire Coast, by Francis Jukes. London, 1804. Aquatint. Maps K.Top 44.53-g. Untitled

An early view of one of the Off the Map teams’ work shows that they have taken this powerful dramatic vision of Whitby, and made it even more powerful, dramatic, and darker. I’m so scared I can’t even watch the end of it. Let me know what happens.