Decorating the East India Company's records
One of my favourite items from the East India Company archives is currently on display in the British Library exhibition Writing: Making Your Mark. It is a volume of official minutes from the Court of Directors 1657 to 1665, and it is special because a bored or creative clerk has added drawings or decorations to some of the headings to enliven the usual plain format.
This is the entry being shown in the exhibition â€“ is it a hawk?
Here are some other examples of his handiwork, starting with a bird which looks like a cross between a pheasant and a dodo.
It appears that the clerk was told to stop embellishing the minutes as there are letters prepared for decoration but left unfilled. I havenâ€™t been able to discover the identity of our artist. Until 1666 East India Company Secretaries employed their own clerks who werenâ€™t on the official payroll and it seems likely our man fell into this category.
The Company Secretary at this time was John Stanyan. His brother Laurence was employed as his salaried assistant. The Stanyans faced difficult challenges during their time in office. In 1665 plague spread through London: Laurence stayed to deal with Company business whilst John was given permission to go the country. Laurence was rewarded with a gratuity of Â£50 for remaining in town at a time of â€˜great mortalityâ€™. The following year, John helped to organise operations when East India House in Leadenhall Street and Company goods were threatened with destruction during the Great Fire of London.
In December 1666 John Stanyan was dismissed by the East India Company. The directors discovered that he had carried out private trade in prohibited goods, and had advised the Companyâ€™s overseas merchants on how to maximise their personal trading profits to the detriment of the Company. He had also written disparagingly of the Court and its orders. Laurence Stanyan was sacked in May 1677 for private trading, and for copying letters with confidential information written by his brother.
Settlement of John Stanyanâ€™s affairs took years â€“ he was still negotiating with the Court in 1671. He secured the post of Principal Registrar of the Consistory Court in Gloucester, presumably through his wifeâ€™s father, John Pritchett, who was the Bishop there. Since the work in Gloucester could be carried out by a deputy, John enjoyed the life of a country gentleman in Harefield Middlesex.
Laurence also prospered, becoming Commissioner of the Revenue, settling in Monken Hadley near Barnet. His son Abraham became a diplomat and MP.
But I wonder what became of our artistic scribe?
Lead Curator, East India Company Records