UK Web Archive blog

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07 October 2022

The UEFA Women’s EURO 2022 Arts and Heritage Programme

by Caterina Loriggio, UEFA Women’s EURO Arts and Heritage Lead

Jan Lyons (Manchester Corinthians) and Gail Redston (Manchester City) looking at the 1921 Ban. Part of Trafford's heritage programme. Photo by Rachel Adams for UEFA WEURO 2022 heritage programme
Jan Lyons (Manchester Corinthians) and Gail Redston (Manchester City) looking at the 1921 Ban. Part of Trafford's heritage programme. Photo by Rachel Adams for UEFA WEURO 2022 heritage programme

The UK Web Archive has been collaborating with the UEFA Women’s EURO 2022 Arts and Heritage Programme to develop the UEFA Women's Euro England 2022 web archive collection. In this guest blog post, we hear about the wider arts and heritage programme around the tournament from Caterina Loriggio.

The UEFA Women’s EURO 2022 arts and heritage programme was designed to promote community engagement, develop cultural leadership, support health and wellbeing, reinforce civic pride and to support local economies post-pandemic. Host City partners (Rotherham, Sheffield, Trafford, Wigan, Manchester, Milton Keynes, Brent, Hounslow, Brighton, and Southampton) were all keen to amplify the opportunity the tournament provided to engage and inspire their residents and visitors.

The £3m programme was supported by National Lottery players through Arts Council England and National Lottery Heritage Fund grants and through funding from the Host Cities. It included four arts commissions, eight museum/archive exhibitions, eight outdoor exhibitions, heritage outreach and education programmes, 45 memory films and new online content covering the history of the women’s game. The project also researched for the first time the full line-up of all the women who have played for England over the past 50 years. Many of those women will be honoured at Wembley Stadium on October 7th in front of a sell-out crowd when they will take a lap of honour during half time in the England USA match.

It was the first time The FA had ever delivered a cultural programme. A key priority for The FA is to establish female role models for both girls and boys. When Host City partners requested a cultural programme to support the tournament the Association saw that this could be a great opportunity to further fulfil this objective. It was also clear that partnering with cultural organisations in Hosts Cities, and national institutions such as the UK Web Archive and British Library would also be a great way to promote the UK’s cultural sector and would be a very effective tool to capture, for the first time on a national scale, the hidden history of women’s football.

Prior to writing funding applications, I led, with the support of the Football Supporters’ Association, four online fan consultations to ensure the programme spoke to the wants of women’s football fans. We also commissioned the organisation ‘64 Million Artists’ to lead half-term virtual workshops for young people aged 12 – 18 in Host Cities (many of whom played football). The fans and young people’s feedback was shared with artists, archivists and curators and was clearly reflected in all elements of the programme. The fans were clear that they could ‘never get enough history’.

Archives and contemporary collecting played an important part in the heritage programme. It was apparent many stories of women’s football (fans as well as players) had been lost already and that women who had played during the ban (1921-1970) were of an age that if we did not collect their stories now, then there was a real risk that they might never be captured. As well as collecting physical objects for museums and archives like caps, pennants, and programmes, there was a significant degree of online archiving. Many of the Host Cities created online exhibitions, hosted films, and imagery on digital archive platforms and digitally captured objects which retired footballers were happy to loan but not donate. Nationally we made 36 memory films live on The FA website. These will be moved to in time for the 50th Anniversary of the Lionesses in November, plus there will be some new content made especially for the anniversary. We were greatly supported in our programme by The National Football Museum and Getty Images who gave us access to their photography archives, which greatly enriched all our work. We also sought to create content for the future by commissioning Getty photographers and by running fan and young people’s photography campaigns to capture the atmosphere of match day and the fan experience beyond the pitch. Some of these images will be shared in an online Getty Images Gallery to be launched in November.

It is hoped that the learnings from this programme will help to secure cultural content in future UK bids for major sporting events. I hope that archiving and collecting will remain important components in all these future projects.

Related Links
This is the ninth blog post published so far about the women’s Euros, the others can be found on the UK Web Archive blog under the 'sports' tag.

There is still an active call for nominations for the UEFA Women's Euro England 2022 web archive collection. Anyone can suggest UK published websites to be included in the archive by filling in our nomination form.

05 October 2022

iPres 2022 Conference Report from the UK Web Archive

By Helena Byrne, Nicola Bingham, Dr Andrew Jackson, British Library, Eilidh MacGlone, National Library of Scotland and Caylin Smith, Cambridge University Libraries


iPres is the largest international conference on digital preservation. The conference has been held every year since 2004. The 2022 edition was hosted by the DPC in Glasgow. This meant that the official conference website was within scope for the UK Web Archive to preserve. You can view the archived version of the website here: 

Screenshot of the iPres 2022 conference website

iPres 2022 was held from Monday 12 to Friday 16 September. There were a mix of presentations over the week with workshops, long papers, short papers, poster presentations and lightning talks as well as show and tell sessions in the form of a ‘Bake Off’. On the final day of the conference, there were a number of site visits to organisations that are running a digital preservation programme. 

This year’s conference also coincided with the 20th anniversary celebrations of the DPC, as well as the DPC Preservation Awards that are held every two years. In 2020, the UK Web Archive won The National Archives (UK) Award for Safeguarding the Digital Legacy at the virtual Digital Preservation Awards 2020 ceremony.

There are also a number of awards given at iPres in various categories. This year’s winner of the Angela Dappert Memorial Award established in 2021, was Dr Andrew Jackson, Technical Lead for the UK Web Archive for his presentation ‘Design Patterns in Digital Preservation: Understanding Information Flows’. 

Many UK Web Archive colleagues from the British Library, National Library of Scotland and Cambridge University Library attended the conference both as delegates and presenters. In this blog post they have reported back on their conference experience.

British Library

Dr Andrew Jackson
As well as presenting my Design Patterns paper, I was also involved in a workshop on format registries in digital preservation. Both sessions were well-attended and seemed to go well, and I’m planning to post about both in more detail in the future. 

I particularly enjoyed the session on DNA storage, especially because of Euan Cochrane’s approach: working with a DNA lab at Yale University to independently verify the work being done by Twist Bioscience.  It’s still a long way from being a storage option we can depend on, but it’s starting to look like it might actually happen!

There were a lot of good quality papers but I particularly enjoyed “Monitoring Bodleian Libraries' Repositories with Micro Services” presented by James Mooney. The overall approach was very similar to how I like to work, from the design of the overall architecture (federated monitoring of resources in situ rather than centralised and ingest-driven) to the style of implementation (microservices combined with best-in-class open source service components).

Nicola Bingham
This was the first iPres conference I have attended. I wish I could have been there in person but due to practicalities, I attended online. Some of my highlights were the presentation from William Kilbride in which he stated that one of the aims of the DPC was to build “the social infrastructure of digital preservation” (as opposed to focussing on technical aspects), which I think has always been true but is now more so than ever especially when it comes to diversifying our archives and enabling communities to have agency in telling their own stories, as articulated by Tamar Evangelista-Dougherty in her keynote. 

Other highlights were hearing from Garth Stewart, Head of Digital Records at National Records Scotland. Garth presented on NRS’s two year project to ingest and make available Scottish Government Cabinet Records and had practical advice for negotiating the transfer of good quality metadata from the depositors - it’s all about gaining trust and explaining to depositors that the quality of metadata provided impacts the experience of the end users. I was also intrigued that they had the challenge of building and maintaining two access solutions, one for journalist access and one for the public. 

A final highlight for me was the long paper, “A Digital Preservation Wikibase” by Kenneth Seals-Nutt of Yale University. Kenneth’s presentation set down the practical steps taken by Yale University Library’s department of digital preservation to implement a Wikibase instance and how this was used to transform a data set related to software into a knowledge base using technologies of the Semantic Web. This is particularly useful to us at the UK Web Archive as we consider the next steps in our web archiving roadmap. 

Helena Byrne
This was my first time attending iPres but I wasn’t able to make it in person so I was delighted that they had an option to join the conference remotely. I was also involved in a collaborative poster presentation with Katharina Schmid (Bayerische Staatsbibliothek) and Sharon Healy (Maynooth University). Our poster ‘Exploring Software, Tools and Methods used in Web Archive Research’ was part of a bigger study that will be published through WARCnet in the coming weeks. 

There were so many great talks, especially around inclusion and diversity in the wider digital preservation field. This along with activism was also a common theme in the three keynotes. These were all very different in scope so it is hard to pick one over the other but I will definitely be watching back over these in the coming weeks and I will share them with colleagues when they are published online.

National Library of Scotland

Eilidh MacGlone
I was grateful to have the opportunity to attend iPres this year. This was my first experience of the conference, and it was a happy one. There were lots of opportunities to meet up with new people and catch up with those I knew from the preservation world. And it was useful! The continuous improvement models are a very handy way to set achievable targets to professionals who are often the only preservationists in their organisation. I know this will be useful to me, even though I am not on my own. I was fascinated to hear about DNA data storage, which although not yet operating at scale, has interesting properties of robustness at room temperature.

You can read more about one of Eilidh’s takeaways from iPres in her blog post - iPres report: a simple workshop exercise using Robust Links.

Cambridge University Library

Caylin Smith
Glasgow 2022 was the second in-person iPres I’ve attended; I previously attended in 2019 when the conference was held in Amsterdam. I was grateful to attend again this year to present about ongoing research as well as catch up with friends and colleagues in the field and meet some new faces. 

Along with Sara Day-Thomson (Edinburgh University Library) and Patricia Falcao (TATE), I led a workshop on the first day of the conference. Titled “Preserving Complex Digital Objects: Revisited”, this workshop picked up on the workshop we gave at iPres in 2019 and focused on supporting the collection management of digital materials for which few or no solutions currently exist. 

There were many great submissions to iPres this year. One paper on the topic of web archiving that stood out to me was “These Crawls Can Talk. Context Information for Web Collections” by Susanne van den Eijkel and Daniel Steinmeier from the KB (National Library of the Netherlands). I’m looking forward to thinking further about their research in the context of web archiving activities at Cambridge University Libraries. 

The next iPres conference will be held in Champaign-Urbana, Illinois in the U.S.A. from September 19-22, 2023.

07 September 2022

GLAM Workbench update

By Andy Jackson, Web Archive Technical Lead, British Library

In 2020, we led a project funded by the International Internet Preservation Consortium (IIPC) called Asking questions with web archives – introductory notebooks for historians, developing a set of Jupyter notebooks to introduce researchers to the potential and possibilities of web archives. In collaboration with the National Library of Australia and National Library of New Zealand, this funding enabled Tim Sherratt to create the Web Archives section of the GLAM Workbench.

Screenshot of GLAM workbench website

We were very happy with how this project worked out, and we think collaborating with someone like Tim opens up new ways of supporting researchers working with web archives. If you’d like to know more about the results of the project, check out Tim’s 2020 blog post and his conference presentation from 2021.

While the investment in project funding got the ball rolling, the GLAM Workbench needs ongoing management and maintenance to keep it running.  This should not be taken for granted, so we’re proud to announce that the Web Archives section of the GLAM Workbench is now supported by the British Library.

We hope this will help ensure this critical resource remains available in the future, and we would like to encourage other web archives to look at whether they could pursue project or supporting funding to help maintain and grow the GLAM Workbench.

08 August 2022

Cats on the web and in the web archive

By Jason Webber, Web Archive Engagement Manager, British Library

Domestic cats have featured in human life for thousands of years. They can make an incredible impact on many of our lives and even if you don’t have one, you may have enjoyed watching, reading or listening about them online. Have you watched a ‘funny cat’ video, laughed at ‘Grumpy cat’ or simply enjoyed a colleague’s pet making an appearance in a work video call?

It seems appropriate , therefore, on International Cat day, to show a few things ‘cat’ that we have in the archive.

Larry the No.10 Cat - Political scrapbook

Screenshot of the Political Scrapbook website with an article about Larry the Downing street cat

Battersea Dogs and Cats Home

Pictures of cats for adoption on the battersea dogs and cats home website

WW1 cats - Durham at War website

Screenshot of the Durham at War website - ww1 cats

Cat Behaviour - Cat Protection website

Screenshot of the Cat behaviour page on the cat Protection website

Teapots, Teapots, Teapots - Cheshire Cats

Screenshot of the Teapots website showing a cheshire cat teapot

Pi-powered cat feeder

Screenshot of Pi-powered cat feeder website

If you haven't had enough cat chat, take a look at our 2020 blog - Cats v Dogs on the archived web.

Fan of dogs, their day is on the 26th August.

29 July 2022

Web archiving the UEFA Women’s Euros in Wigan

By Georgina Bentley, Service Manager Community-based Customer & Cultural Services at Wigan Council

Image of a jersey commissioned for the Around The Match project hanging over the top of a rusty goal post in a sports field with multiple soccer and rugby pitches.


The Heritage Fund awarded £500,000 to a programme which is recording the hidden history of women’s football and launched a celebration of the game, its players, and communities in partnership with the UEFA Women’s EUROs.

Alongside this programme, the UK Web Archive is also archiving UK-published websites about the tournament. In this guest blog post, we hear from Georgina Bentley from Wigan Council about their contribution to the collection.

Wigan Council

Wigan Council is the local authority for the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan in the North West of England. The Council have been one of the 10 host cities for the UEFA Women’s EURO 2022, hosting 4 matches at the Leigh Sports Village.

What did you collect for your museum/archive while working on this project?

From the start we wanted to ensure the stories of our local pioneers were central to our collection approach. Supported brilliantly by our archive volunteers, we established a much deeper understanding of how the game had developed in the borough, whilst a call out for local women and girls to share their stories provided us with the source material from which our heritage projects developed.

We translated this material via a series of creative heritage programmes including temporary exhibitions, contemporary collecting events at the fan parties and projects such as A Place At The Table and Around The Match.

The programme has already increased our existing collection with more coming forward. The material collected to date includes a range of oral histories, memorabilia, photographs, news articles, programmes, alongside the output of the creative heritage projects such as the new kit, pin badge and programme developed for the Around The Match.

What kind of online content did you select for the UK Web Archive collection?

With our content selection we wanted to try and capture the breadth of the heritage programme in the borough as it has been an incredibly rich experience to celebrate the amazing stories of our women and girls that play and love the game. This includes:

  • Event pages from cultural sites.
  • Project websites
  • Online newspapers

What websites are important for telling the story of the UEFA Women’s Euro England 2022 tournament in your area?

The Visit Wigan web page encapsulate the breadth of opportunity the tournament afforded locally to celebrate elite women’s sport and be inspired to participate.

The Around The Match web page tell the story of 11 women and girls brought together to form a new team. Their individual passions and stories beautifully expressed in a wonderful film on the site that also has details of the contemporary memorabilia created to mark the tournament in the borough. The memorabilia is currently for sale, with 100% of the proceeds going to support the grass roots game locally as a lasting legacy.

The A Place At The Table web page follows the history of women’s football both locally and in context to the national and international game. Each table from the project focuses on a point in history that highlights the place of women in football, as well the parallels with the development of rights for women and wider society at the time.

The archived versions of these web pages can be found in the Cultural Programme subsection of the UEFA Women’s Euro England 2022 collection on the UK Web Archive website.

Get Involved

Browse through the UEFA Women’s Euro England 2022 and let us know if there is any UK published content that should be added to the collection. Anyone can suggest UK published websites to be included in the UK Web Archive by filling in our nominations form:


26 July 2022

Web archiving the UEFA Women’s Euros in Sheffield

By Dr Justine Reilly, Strategic Director, Sporting Heritage

Four different photos of handmade football flags. There are six flags in total. The image is from a partnership event Sporting Heritage hosted with Sheffield Museums. The event was held on Monday 25 July 2022 at the Museum. There were four different sessions where children came together to make football flags.

The Heritage Fund awarded £500,000 to a programme which is recording the hidden history of women’s football and has launched a celebration of the game, its players, and communities in partnership with the UEFA Women’s EUROs.

Alongside this programme, the UK Web Archive is archiving UK-published websites about the tournament. In this guest blog post, we hear from Dr Justine Reilly from Sporting Heritage who supported host city Sheffield, with their contribution to the collection.

Sporting Heritage
Sporting Heritage is a UK wide organisation who work to support the preservation, collection, access, celebration of the sporting past. Whether that be objects and archives, photographs and videos, oral histories or song and chants, our role is to support all those who have a sporting story. We deliver a range of activities and events for example training events, National Sporting Heritage Day, and the Sporting Heritage Awards.

What did you collect for your museum/archive while working on this project?
We supported the host city of Sheffield by developing a number of different programmes including:

How did you collect your archive material?
We reached out to local sports clubs and organisations with links to football across Sheffield to inform both our exhibition and our wider activity. This included a social media campaign to draw in voices which have previously been ignored and hidden in the story of women’s football in Sheffield.

We continue to capture new stories via our web pages, and worked closely with partner organisations such as Football Unites, Racism Divides (FURD) and academic researchers Dr Fiona Skillen and Dr Gary James to inform our programming. Our aim was to draw on online content, cross reference historical facts, and hear from lived experience voices which may not have been part of the historical record previously. 

What websites are important for telling the story of the UEFA Women’s Euro England 2022 tournament in your area?
The overarching web pages linking to our heritage content around the Women’s Euro in Sheffield:

The linked pages hosted by the City of Sheffield:

And FURD pages outlining their work on the physical exhibition plinths and supporting activity:

The archived versions of these web pages can be found in the Cultural Programme subsection of the UEFA Women’s Euro England 2022 collection on the UK Web Archive website.

Get Involved
Browse through the UEFA Women’s Euro England 2022 collection and let us know if there is any UK published content that should be added? Anyone can suggest UK published websites to be included in the UK Web Archive by filling in our nomination form:

Birmingham 2022 Commonwealth Games

By Helena Byrne, Curator of Web Archives, The British Library

a screenshot of the Commonwealth Games logo used in an article by Sport England on their website. The article was archived by the UK Web Archive on 4/20/2022, 4:44:51 AM. You can view the article here:]

The Birmingham 2022 Commonwealth Games are taking place from July 28th to August 8th. There is also an extensive cultural programme running alongside the event till the end of September 2022.

The first Commonwealth Games was held in 1930 and the 2022 event is the twenty second edition of the competition. This is the sixth time that Britain has hosted the Commonwealth Games, Scotland have hosted it three times and including Birmingham 2022, England has hosted it three times. However, this is the second time that Britain has hosted this event since the formation of the UK Web Archive in 2005. 

Sport collecting in the web archive
In late 2017, the UK Web Archive started to formally curate sports websites by establishing three main collections on sport. They are the
Sports Collection, Sports: Football and Sports: International Events. The final collection in this series is Sports: International Events, documents major sporting events mostly hosted in the UK. It is in this collection that the Commonwealth Games Glasgow 2014 and the Commonwealth Games Birmingham 2022 collections sit.

You can view the Glasgow 2014 collection here: 

You can view the Birmingham 2022 collection here:

The Birmingham 2022 collection overview
We’ve broken this collection down into six areas:

  • Competitors: Athletes' websites and social media collected during the Games
  • Cultural Programme: Any websites and social media accounts related to the cultural programme during the Games
  • Organisational Bodies/Venues: UK national Commonwealth Games bodies' sites, local government sites etc.
  • Press Media and Comment: News and comment, including the Commonwealth games, interest groups and others
  • Sponsors: UK Websites and news articles relating to some of the official sponsors of the Games
  • Sports: The Sports subsection has twenty subsections, all governing body websites and club websites related to these sports and the Commonwealth Games will be tagged under their relevant sport

Get involved 
The UK Web Archive works across the six UK legal Deposit Libraries and with other external partners to try and bridge gaps in our subject expertise. But we can’t curate the whole of the UK web on our own, we need your help to ensure that information, discussions and creative output related to the Commonwealth Games Birmingham 2022 are preserved for future generations.

Anyone can suggest UK published websites to be included in the UK Web Archive by filling in our nomination form.

14 July 2022

Web Archiving the UEFA Women’s Euro England 2022 tournament in Northern Ireland

By Rosita Murchan, Web Archivist, Public Record Office of Northern Ireland (PRONI)

Black and white photo of Female footballer in a black and white striped shirt in motion of keeping up the ball
Thanks to the Deputy Keeper of the Records, Public Record Office of Northern Ireland and the Northern Ireland Women’s Football Association for the photo

The Public Record Office of Northern Ireland (PRONI) is the official archive of Northern Ireland and is situated in the historic Titanic Quarter in Belfast. PRONI was established by the Public Records Act (Northern Ireland) in 1923 which means in June next year we look forward to celebrating our centenary. PRONI has been collecting websites for over ten years, focusing on Government departments, local councils and websites deemed historically or culturally important to Northern Ireland. Over the years our collection has grown in both size and scope and we now capture one terabyte of data per year. PRONI does not have legal deposit status, so working with the UK Web Archive enables us to widen the scope of our collections, and ensure that other relevant content is captured.

PRONI has a rich history of celebrating women in sport having previously curated ‘A Level Playing field – Women in sport’ an exhibition from the archives held by PRONI. With images from the late nineteenth century onwards, this exhibition reminds us that women actually have a long history of participation in a wide range of sporting activities. PRONI also holds the papers of the Northern Ireland Women’s Football Association which includes official minutes and documents, as well as scrapbooks, programmes, newspaper clippings and other ephemera (PRONI Reference: D4633).

We are delighted to be working in partnership once again with the British Library and adding a Northern Irish perspective to their UEFA Women’s Euro England 2022 collection.

The Northern Ireland team has defied the odds to book their place in this summer’s tournament, and PRONI’s collaboration with the British Library will enable us to capture web content documenting the progress of the players who are set to make history for Northern Ireland this summer.

We plan to select as much of the news and media coverage as we can, capturing the local views, hype and excitement of Northern Ireland’s historic qualification to the Euros as well as content from Northern Ireland women’s official home page within the IFA (NI Women's Football) detailing all fixtures, news, team profiles and updates throughout the tournament. We will also include social media content about the tournament, twitter feeds of organisations and team members, and general social media coverage of the competition.

In recent years, PRONI has developed a number of creative and digital engagement projects that put the public at the heart of archives, making archives more welcoming and inclusive. We plan to use our social media channels to put out a call for nominations for sites from PRONI followers but anyone can suggest UK published websites to be included in the UK Web Archive by filling in our nominations form:

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